Complications of Diabetes

Overview of Clinical Complications of Diabetes
Heart disease, high blood pressure, and kidney disease are some of the complications of diabetes.

Eye Problems

Diabetic Retinopathy and Other Eye Problems
Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of blindness in American adults. It is caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
Protecting Your Vision
Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes-related eye disease that can lead to vision loss. But you can take steps to help save your sight.
Essential Eye Care for Diabetes
If you have diabetes, you can take steps to reduce your risk for vision loss or blindness.

Foot Problems

Diabetic Foot Problems
Diabetes can damage the nerves in your feet, as well as lead to blood vessel disease. These conditions make it more difficult to notice when you injure your foot or develop a sore.
Keep Your Feet Happy
Taking good care of your feet is an important part of living with diabetes. With attention, you can help prevent more serious foot problems.
Special Foot Care for Diabetes
It's not high blood sugar, heart disease, or stroke that most often puts people with diabetes in the hospital. It's their feet.

Kidney Problems

Diabetic Nephropathy (Kidney Disease)
Nephropathy is the deterioration of the kidneys. The final stage of nephropathy is called end-stage renal disease, or ESRD.
Understanding Kidney Disease
Too often, diabetes leads to kidney disease. But it doesn’t have to. When kidney problems are caught early, you can take steps to prevent more serious kidney disease.
Overview of Kidney Disorders
Detailed information on kidney conditions, including kidney function, nephrology, kidney problem causes, kidney disease symptoms, and 1 labeled, full-color anatomical illustration

Heart Problems

Diabetes and Heart Disease
Diabetes affects the cardiovascular system, but many problems aren't apparent until a person has a heart attack or stroke.
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
If you have diabetes, you are twice as likely to have high blood pressure. Untreated, high blood pressure can raise your risk for heart disease.

Nerve Problems

Diabetic Neuropathy (Nerve Problems)
The risk of developing nerve damage, or neuropathy, increases the longer a person has diabetes. About half of people with diabetes have some form of neuropathy.
How Can Diabetes Affect Bladder Control?
Over time, diabetes can damage the nerves that control the bladder. In both men and women, this can lead to overactive bladder.

Other Health Problems

Diabetic Skin Troubles
About one-third of people with diabetes get a skin problem sooner or later. Fortunately, most problems can be prevented or easily treated.
Wound Care Critical for Diabetes
Because a person with diabetes has poor blood circulation, wounds of all kinds heal slowly and are easily infected. In addition, high blood glucose leads to high levels of sugar in body tissues, causing bacteria to grow and infections to develop more quickly.
Diabetes and Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to gum disease, which is an infection of the gums and bone that hold the teeth in place.
Diabetes and Sexual Intimacy
Damage to the nerves or blood vessels caused by diabetes can interfere with sexual function.
Diabetes and Sensitive Topics
Diabetes affects every part of your life, and it can create problems that aren’t easy to talk about with your health care provider.
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Wound Healing
Wounds need oxygen to heal properly, and exposing a wound to 100 percent oxygen can, in many cases, speed the healing process.