Diseases and ConditionsAnatomy of the Endocrine System
Hormones and the Endocrine System
Consider the following statistics, as they relate to the endocrine system:
About 210,000 people with acute pancreatitis are admitted to hospitals in the United States each year.
Addison's disease and Cushing's syndrome are rare diseases that involve the adrenal glands.
Hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid) affects 1 percent of the U.S. population.
The most common form of thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), affects nearly 5 percent of Americans over age 12. It occurs more frequently in older women, and is 10 times more common in women than in men.
Hyperparathyroidism, in which the parathyroid is overactive, affects about 100,000 adults in the U.S.
Diabetes mellitus remains the most costly chronic disease in the United States. In 2012, the American Diabetes Association estimated the annual cost of diagnosed diabetes to be $245 billion.